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Sober/Transitional Living Facility Resources - Texas
Frequently Asked Questions

Addiction Treatment Centers

Overview
  1. What does it mean to be "licensed," "certified," "registered," or "accredited" in this industry?

  2. A license means that a facility or professional may operate or may deliver services with the advance and continuous authorization of a designated government agency, which is done to ensure protection of public health, safety, and welfare. Read More


  3. Which addiction treatment facilities are required to be licensed and what kind of services can they provide?

  4. In Texas, as in most states, any substance abuse facility that offers treatment services for chemical dependency requires a license, unless an exception applies. Read More


  5. Which addiction treatment facilities are exempt from licensure requirements?

  6. Type of Provider Reason
    Faith-Based Chemical Dependency Programs

    These programs are conducted by religious organizations and offer only nonmedical treatment and recovery methods such as prayer, moral guidance, spiritual counseling, and scriptural study. Read More


    Licensing
  7. Which body licenses drug rehabilitation facilities in the State of Texas?

  8. As of September 1, 2017, regulatory authority over licensed substance abuse treatment facilities was transferred from the DSHS to HHSC. Read More


  9. What information must be provided in an initial application for licensure?

  10. A written application must be submitted to HHSC on form available Read More


  11. How long does a licensing application usually take?

  12. HHSC will notify the applicant that the application is materially complete or specify the additional information required within 45 days of receipt of the application. Read More


  13. Does a license have to be renewed?

  14. The license must be renewed using forms provided by HHSC every two years from the date on which it was issued. Read More



    Sober Living Environments

    Overview

  15. What is a sober home?

  16. A sober home is an alcohol and drug-free environment inhabited by individuals who are attempting to maintain their recovery from substance abuse disorders. Read More


    Licensing
  17. Is a license required to open a sober home?

  18. Licenses are not required to operate sober-living homes, so long as they provide... Read More


  19. Are there any consequences to being unlicensed?

  20. Because there is no regulatory oversight, some have complained that many sober living homes are maintained in poor,... Read More


  21. What kinds of services can a sober home offer?

  22. Sober homes typically provide an alcohol and drug-free living environment to enable residents to organize activities... Read More


    Certification
  23. How can a sober home demonstrate to clients that it is offering a high-quality living environment?

  24. A sober home can elect to demonstrate voluntarily that it meets minimum quality standards. Several states (including Texas) have formally adopted an optional certification process for sober living facilities. Read More


  25. Does a sober home have to obtain certification in order to operate?

  26. The law protects small groups of individuals who choose to live together in peer-supportive environments... Read More


  27. How does a sober home apply for certification, and what is the process?

  28. An online application for certification must be completed and submitted to the TROHN. Read More


  29. What should a sober home do in preparation for the onsite compliance review?

  30. Prior to the onsite visit, TROHN will supply an inspection packet, which should be reviewed along with the certification standards. Read More


  31. How often must a sober home renew certification?

  32. TROHN certification is for one year, at which point it terminates automatically if it has not been renewed. Read More


    Zoning and Land Use
  33. What are the protections afforded by federal law to small group homes used for sober living residences?

  34. A recovery house with six or fewer people is generally exempt from zoning and land use regulations based on federal and state law,... Read More


  35. Can local governments put special restrictions on sober living residences?

  36. This area of law is complex and evolving. It is well settled that state and federal law prohibit local governments from discriminating against or treating the residents of sober living homes differently from that of traditional families. Read More


  37. What other aspects should an operator consider before choosing a location for its sober home?

  38. In siting a recovery house, attention should be paid to potential hostility from neighbors. Read More


    Residents’ Rights and Responsibilities
  39. What are sober homes’ obligations to residents?

  40. In general, recovery houses should agree to the following: Read More


  41. What kind of agreement should sober homes ask residents to sign?

  42. The agreement should include: (1) a pledge from the client to live by the house rules... Read More


  43. Can a sober home insist on drug tests and searches?

  44. Sober homes do not have the right to impose testing... Read More


  45. Can a sober home bill insurance for required and/or random drug testing?

  46. Sober homes sometimes rely on the drug screening that takes place... Read More


  47. Can a sober home make residents’ obligations contractually enforceable?

  48. If the rules are contained in the sober home agreement as conditions of residence, and the resident agrees to them upon accepting the housing, then the rules generally should be enforceable. Read More


    Governance and Staffing
  49. What ownership and staffing structures are common with these types of residential arrangements?

  50. A sober housing facility may be structured as a nonprofit corporation, a for-profit corporation, a limited liability company, a partnership, or a sole-owner arrangement. Read More


  51. Are there any other organizations that could help us?

  52. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

    http://www.samhsa.gov/ Read More


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